Statement by Syrian Civil Society Organizations on Ceasefire Agreement and UNSC Resolution 2336
Syrian civil society organizations have closely followed the recent developments and discussions regarding the ceasefire agreement signed by armed opposition groups and the Syrian regime, mediated by Russia and Turkey, as endorsed by UN Security Council resolution 2336.
The signatories welcome any serious and credible ceasefire agreement as it will spare our people further blood, killing and destruction. Such an agreement should be a prelude to a credible political process that will lead to the realization of the Syrian people’s aspirations in freedom, justice and dignity. For such an agreement to acquire the necessary seriousness and credibility, it should:
– Include a publicly published monitoring, verification and accountability process. The signatories declare their readiness to participate in any monitoring role required, each according to its mandate and principles.– Specify a single wording for the agreement signed by both the parties to the conflict and the guarantors, in addition to a carbon translation into Arabic, Russian, English and Turkish. The details of the agreement should be made public.
– Specify a single wording for the agreement signed by both the parties to the conflict and the guarantors, in addition to a carbon translation into Arabic, Russian, English and Turkish. The details of the agreement should be made public.
– Include a published and clear description of the role of the guarantors (Russian Federation and Turkey) and the means to verify and sanction any violation.
– Declare the UN Security Council resolutions as the unique political reference to the negotiation process, especially UNSCR 2118 and UNSCR 2254.
The signatories consider the Higher Negotiations Committee the sole representative of the Syrian revolution and opposition in the negotiations. The Syrian regime should appoint its delegation, and the negotiations should be between two parties only.
The continued shelling on Barada valley in Damascus suburbs, Atareb in Aleppo suburbs and other areas in Syria proves yet again the lack of seriousness of the regime to positively engage in any ceasefire process, its insistence on its security/military solution to crush any opposition, and its non-credibility when declaring adopting a political solution to the conflict.
Russian maneuvering with different versions of the agreement and its attempt to impose a new UN Security Council resolution that would give it a role in defining the Syrian opposition team worries us significantly, especially regarding its role as a guarantor to the agreement. This pushes us to ask Turkey – the other guarantor, and countries of the Friends of Syria group, to follow matters closely and to block any understandings or agreements that do not meet the criteria above.
In conclusion, we would like to stress that the continuous and unhindered delivery of humanitarian and medical aid to all Syrian territories and primarily to the besieged areas remain the real test of willingness for the regime and its allies to abide by UNSC resolutions including the latest resolution 2336; and to engage in a serious and credible political process that leads to a desired political transition in Syria.
- Baytna Syria.
- The Day After
- RM Team
- Syrian Network for Human Rights
- Maram Foundation
- Space of Hope
- Afaq Academy
- Violations Documentation Center in Syria
- Bihar Relief Organization